波羅的海鐵路ülemiste新站,愛沙尼亞 / Zaha Hadid Architects

多模式交通樞紐,實現巴士、有軌電車和鐵道線路之間的整合

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由扎哈·哈迪德建筑事务所与Esplan事务所(爱沙尼亚)合作设计的波罗的海铁路新站(位于塔林市的Ülemiste)方案目前已获得竞赛第一名。

Zaha Hadid Architects (UK) working with Esplan (Estonia) have been have been awarded first place in the design competition for the new terminal of the Rail Baltic railway at Ülemiste, Tallinn.

▼项目概览,project overview ©Render by negativ.com

波罗的海铁路总长870公里,是由爱沙尼亚塔林延伸至立陶宛-波兰边境的电气铁路。位于Ülemiste的新站将作为波罗的海铁路的起点,将塔林(爱沙尼亚首都)、里加(拉脱维亚首都)和维尔纽斯(立陶宛首都)连接至欧洲的高铁网络。

Rail Baltic is a planned 870 km electrified railway from Tallinn in Estonia to the Lithuanian-Polish border. The terminal will be the starting point of the Rail Baltic line connecting Tallinn, Riga and Vilnius with the European high-speed rail network.

▼平面图,plan ©Zaha Hadid Architects

Ülemiste新站被构想为一座为当地社区服务的公共桥梁,以及为大量通勤人员、国内和国际乘客以及附近塔林机场的旅客服务的多模式交通枢纽。贯穿整个建筑的交通路径定义了车站的空间形态,在提升导航能力的同时,还将实现巴士、有轨电车和铁道线路之间的无缝对接与整合。车站采用了模块化的结构系统,分段式的施工能够保证铁路的持续运营。车站的设计和规划均符合BREEAM的标准和指导方针。

The Ülemiste terminal is designed as a connecting public bridge used by the local community as well as multi-modal transport hub for commuters, national and international rail passengers in addition to air travelers using the adjacent Tallinn airport. Circulation routes through the building have determined the station’s spatial geometry to aid navigation and the smooth integration of bus, tram and rail lines that intersect at the terminus. Incorporating a modular structural system built in phases to enable ongoing operations on the rail lines throughout construction, the station has been designed and planned to BREEAM benchmarks and guidelines.

▼Ülemiste新站将实现巴士、有轨电车和铁道线路之间的无缝对接与整合,
circulation routes through the building have determined the station’s spatial geometry to aid navigation and the smooth integration of bus, tram and rail lines that intersect at the terminus ©Render by negativ.com

爱沙尼亚经济事务和基础设施部部长Taavi Aas表示:“基于对Ülemiste地区发展情况的持续关注,以及对今天向公众展示的方案的了解,我无比确信它将令Ülemiste成为塔林最具吸引力的区域之一,并将与塔林的其他基础设施产生协同作用。它是一个真正意义上的多模式交通枢纽。在未来,铁路、公交和航空运输都将在这里形成联结。”

“I have been constantly informed about the developments in the Ülemiste area and in light of the works presented to the public today, I am more than convinced that the area is becoming one of the most attractive and, in terms of infrastructure, synergistic in Tallinn. A true multi-modal transport hub is emerging, with rail, bus and air traffic coming together there in the future,” said Taavi Aas, Estonia’s Minister of Economic Affairs and Infrastructure.

▼车站内部,interior view ©ZOA Studio

▼站台层,platform level ©Render by negativ.com

本次设计竞赛由爱沙尼亚波罗的海铁路官方在2019年5月举办,并于9月3日正式结束。9位评审团成员包括爱沙尼亚波罗的海铁路经理Riia Sillave、Pro Kapital Eesti AS董事会成员Allan Remmelkoor、爱沙尼亚铁路发展经理Andrus Noor以及Mainor Ulemiste Andrus Kaldalu的监理会成员;以及塔林市前首席建筑师Endrik Mand、Ülemiste地区规划者Mattias Agabus、拉脱维亚前文化部长、建筑师Janis Dripe以及丹麦建筑师Jesper Gottlieb和Thomas Grave-Larsen.

Rail Baltic Estonia announced the international design competition for the terminal station in Ülemiste in May 2019. The competition ended on September 3. The nine-member jury included Rail Baltic Estonia manager Riia Sillave, Pro Kapital Eesti AS board member Allan Remmelkoor, Estonian Railways development manager Andrus Noor and member of the supervisory board of Mainor Ulemiste Andrus Kaldalu. Architects on the jury included former chief architect of Tallinn Endrik Mand and the author of the structural plan for the Ulemiste area, Mattias Agabus, Janis Dripe, former Latvian minister of culture, and Danish architects Jesper Gottlieb and Thomas Grave-Larsen.

▼3D模型,model ©Zaha Hadid Architects

Client: Rail Baltica Estonia
Architect: Zaha Hadid Architects (ZHA)
ZHA Design: Patrik Schumacher
ZHA Director: Gianluca Racana
ZHA Project Directors: Ludovico Lombardi, Michele Salvi
ZHA Project Team: Luciano Letteriello, Kate Revyakina, Serra Pakalin, Yuzhi Xu, Anthony Awanis, Hendrik Rupp, Davide del Giudice
Local Executive Architect: Esplan

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